عملية المياه البيضاء

Laser Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is performed using topical anesthesia in just 5 minutes, after which the cloudy eye lens is replaced with a transparent one that helps the patient to see more clearly again after the surgery.

  • High-frequency sound waves, ultrasound, or laser are used in cataract eye surgery if the doctor decides that this procedure is the most appropriate for the case.
  • These waves break up the cloudy parts of the eye's lens into tiny fragments.
  • These fragments are then suctioned out in a procedure called phacoemulsification.
  • After removing the cloudy lens, the doctor replaces it with a transparent lens made of plastic that he specifically chooses to be suitable for the patient’s eye by implanting it inside the eye so that the patient can see clearly after that.
  • Cataracts can be defined as the opacity of the eye’s crystalline lens that leads to blurry and poor vision and blurred writing.

    Cataracts usually start with part of the lens and then gradually spread until they cause poor vision or a feeling of fog obscuring vision. In this case, laser cataract surgery must be performed to remove the cloudy lens and implant another lens instead.

The main symptom of cataracts is a gradual decline in vision with blurred reading that cannot be corrected with glasses.

Some types of cataracts lead to a significant change in the size of glasses, as the degree of myopia and astigmatism increases at a rapid rate.

It is common among some that cataracts can be treated with medicinal drops or by taking some medical drugs, but it is unfortunate to tell them that cataracts cannot be treated except by removing cataracts from the eye and replacing the damaged lens with a healthy one until the present time. 

Learn about: The cost of cataract surgery in Egypt

 

 

At the center of Dr. Mohamed Omar Youssef, the best doctor for cataract operation in Egypt, cataract eye surgery is performed with a laser using the finest types of lenses in just 5 minutes through topical anesthesia.

 

Dr. Mohamed Omar is considered the best cataract surgeon in Egypt, as he has performed thousands of successful cataract surgeries over the past years, which is why many people consider him one of the best and most skilled eye surgeons in Egypt.

 

In addition, Dr. Mohamed Omar has done many practical researches and published lectures in the field of cataract surgery, and thus he won the American Society for Cataract and Vision Repair World Conference Award for the best surgical video in the world for the year 2015.

There is no doubt that Dr. Mohamed is considered the best doctor for cataract operation in Egypt because of his great experience having performed hundreds of operations of this type.

What are the modern methods of cataract surgery?

Phacoemulsification is a method of cataract eye surgery performed by suctioning the cataract using ultrasound (phaco) techniques with a reciprocating or vibrating motion through tiny surgical incisions. Intraocular lenses are then implanted through these small openings, and this surgery is characterized by the fact that it does not result in any astigmatism later on.

During this surgery, the surgeon uses femto-laser technology to break up the cataract and makes very small and precise incisions in the cornea through which he suctions out the cataract. Femtosecond laser technology plays a major role during this surgery in correcting astigmatism permanently.

During this surgery, a relatively large surgical incision is made, through which the lens is implanted. However, this method has some disadvantages, such as causing astigmatism in some cases, and it also requires some time for the wound to completely heal. 

This method is characterized by its low financial cost and is usually used by a surgeon who is inexperienced with Phaco or Femto cataract techniques, but in some cases where the cataract is very old and ossified, making it difficult to break it up with ultrasound or Femto-laser, this surgery is the ideal solution for such a case.

What are the latest types of lenses that can be implanted after cataract surgery?

At Dr. Muhammad Omar Youssef Center, we use American-made lenses that are implanted directly after the cataract surgery. They are divided into three main types:

There are many types of Monofocal lenses, the best of which are aspherical lenses, which lead to a significant improvement in night vision clarity, color contrast, and three-dimensional improvement.

It’s an astigmatism-correcting lens for patients who suffer from irregular corneal surfaces.

It is a type of lens that allows the patient to see far and near clearly at the same time, and therefore the patient does not need glasses for reading after this surgery. These kinds of lenses are considered among the latest and best lenses that have witnessed great development in recent years.

It is worth noting that we use American-origin lenses at Dr. Muhammad Omar Youssef Center, as they are the best types of lenses for now.

How Long Does it Take for Vision to Clear Up After Cataract Surgery?

Doctors resort to laser cataract removal when it begins to impede vision to the point that prevents the patient from performing usual activities. The earlier the surgery is performed, the better and safer it is. This surgery just takes about 5 minutes.

Despite the simplicity and speed of this surgery, it is a necessary procedure, as leaving cataracts may lead to complications such as:

  • High eye pressure.
  • Decomposition of the circular ligament that holds the lens in place, leading to it falling into the fundus of the eye.

In some cases where the cataracts are very old and cannot be removed with sound waves or by laser cataract removal, the doctor may resort to the surgical method, which may cause astigmatism in some rare cases.

To treat astigmatism after surgery, a special type of lens called refractive lens or Toric IOLs is used to correct astigmatism after cataract surgery.

  • You can resume your daily life the day after cataract surgery.
  • All visual exertion is allowed after the surgery.
  • Use the drops regularly for three weeks after the surgery or as your doctor directs you.
  • It is forbidden to rub the eyes, get water into the eyes, or apply cosmetics to the eyes for a week.
  • Wear eye protection for a week, especially while sleeping.
  • Use sunglasses in bright light for several days.
  • You can drive the car after only a few days when your eye surgeon allows you to do so.
  • You should avoid exposing your eyes to shock or high pressure due to carrying heavy objects or coughing forcefully. 
  • You shouldn’t also get water in your eyes, and just wipe your face with a wet cotton or cloth.
  • You must apply all the drops prescribed by the doctor at the specified times so that you are not exposed to serious complications, such as infection or dehydration.
  • Posterior Capsular Opacification of the lens.
  • The lens moves from its normal position.
  • Inflammation or infection.
  • Not choosing the appropriate type of lens for the patient.

Sometimes the doctor asks the patient not to eat or drink anything - except water - about 12 hours before the operation.

  • Complete blood count CBC
  • Liver and kidney function analysis.
  • Blood pressure and diabetes report.
  • A report on heart health for people with chronic heart disease.

The causes of cataracts are many and varied, including, for example:

1- Age-related Cataracts (senile cataracts), occur in the elderly at a very high rate, and their incidence increases with some diseases such as diabetes.

2- Congenital cataracts that occur from birth, and which may result from genetic factors or viral infections during pregnancy.

3- Cataracts resulting from some eye diseases such as iritis and retinal detachment.

4- Cataracts associated with other ocular injuries.

5- Cataracts resulting from exposure of the eye to any radiation, such as radiation used in treating tumors.

6- Cataracts resulting from the use of some medications such as cortisone for long periods.

According to statistics conducted in the USA, cataract surgery is the most common surgical operation ever performed on the human body. According to the same statistics, the success rate of cataract surgery has the highest success rate among all operations performed on the human body, and its success rate reaches 99%.

Cataract surgery takes about 5 minutes. This duration may vary according to the doctor’s experience, so we recommend you have the surgery with Dr. Mohamed Omar Youssef, the best cataract surgeon in Egypt.

1- Phaco cataract surgery.

2- Femto Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery.

3- Cataract Removal Surgery.

There are three types of cataracts:

  • Nuclear Cataracts affect the center of the lens. 
  • Cortical Cataracts that affect the edges of the lens.
  • Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts that affect the back of the lens.
  • Congenital Cataracts you're born with.

Leaving cataracts may lead to complications such as high intraocular pressure or decomposition of the circular ligament that holds the cataract, leading to it falling into the fundus of the eye.

This happens to some people who suffer from cataracts in one eye and delay removing it surgically because they can see with the other eye.

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